Overview | Abstract | Introduction | Literature Review | Materials & Methods | Results & Discussion | Conclusion & Future Work | Acknowledgements & Appendix

A research paper should end with a well-constructed conclusion. The conclusion is somewhat similar to the introduction. You restate your aims and objectives and summarize your main findings and evidence for the reader. You can usually do this in one paragraph with three main key points, and one strong take-home message. You should not present any new arguments in your conclusion. You can raise some open questions and set the scene for the next study. This is a good place to register your thoughts about possible future work. Try to explain to your readers what more could be done? What do you think are the next steps to take? What other questions warrant further investigation? Remember, the conclusion is the last part of the essay that your reader will see, so spend some time writing the conclusion so that you can end on a high note.

 The conclusion section of your research paper should include the following:

  • Overall summary
  • Further research

1. Overall summary

The paper concludes by arguing __
On this basis, we conclude that __
The authors concluded that __ is not confined to __
This allows the conclusion that __
The findings of this study can be understood as __
This may be considered a promising aspect of __
This may be considered a further validation of __
Remaining issues are subject of __
In summary, this paper argued that __
This aspect of the research suggested that __
In conclusion, __ seems to improve __
In summary, this paper argued that __
In conclusion, it would appear that __
The analysis leads to the following conclusions: __
It is difficult to arrive at any conclusions with regard to __
The main conclusion that can be drawn is that __
The present findings confirm __
As we have argued elsewhere __ may be considered a promising aspect of __
Ideally, these findings should be replicated in a study where __
By using __ we tested the hypothesis that __
In conclusion, __ seems to improve __
Broadly translated our findings indicate that __
This is an important finding in the understanding of the __
More generally, these basic findings are consistent with research showing that __
In addition, these findings provide additional information about __
Despite the limitations these are valuable in light of __
Overall, our results demonstrate a strong effect of __
Nevertheless, we found __
To our knowledge, this is the first report of __
Our results on __ are broadly consistent with __
The broad implication of the present research is that __
This conclusion follows from the fact that __
Collectively, our results appear consistent with __
Importantly, our results provide evidence for __
Results provide a basis for __
This experiment adds to a growing corpus of research showing __
Our data indicate that __; a result that casts a new light on __
These findings provide a potential mechanism for __
We have shown that __
Our data suggest that we still have a long way to go to __

2. Future work

Future research should consider the potential effects of __ more carefully, for example __
This assumption might be addressed in future studies.
Future  research on __ might extend the explanations of __
This is very much the key component in future attempts to overcome __
In future work, investigating __ might prove important.
This is desirable for future work.
Future investigations are necessary to validate the kinds of conclusions that can be drawn from this study.
Future studies could fruitfully explore this issue further by __
Future research is needed to delimitate __
It will be important that future research investigate __
It is a question of future research to investigate __
We believe that apart from looking for __, future research should look for __
Regardless, future research could continue to explore __
This is an issue for future research to explore.
Future studies could investigate the association between __
Future studies should aim to replicate results in a larger __
 Future research should be devoted to the development of __
This may constitute the object of future studies.
Future research could examine __
Interesting research questions for future research that can be derived from __
In future research, more research is needed to apply and test __
This is an interesting topic for future work.
Future research should further develop and confirm these initial findings by __
Future research should certainly further test whether __
As also recommended above, future research should __
Future research should examine strategically __
Future research might apply __
In addition, __ might prove an important area for future research.
A number of recommendations for future research are given.
Therefore, future research should be conducted in more realistic settings to __
Further research on __ issue is warranted.
Further work is certainly required to disentangle these complexities in __
Looking forward, further attempts could prove quite beneficial to the literature.
Further research is needed to confirm this novel finding.
These result warrant further investigation via __
This provides a good starting point for discussion and further research.
Further studies should investigate __
The possibility of __ warrants further investigation.

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  1. i humbly ask for some help here……………………i am conducting a science research on water wastage in poor areas and i have also come up with some sort of like a solution to that issue now im stuck i do not know how to wrote the future research please help

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